Voters in five N.J. municipalities on November 6, 2018 approved ballot questions to establish a municipal tax dedicated to open space preservation: Hackensack, Midland Park, Orange, Rocky HIll, Stockton.

Four ballot measures to create open space trust funds failed: Beach Haven, Edison, Old Bridge, Northvale.

Toms River voters declined to increase their dedicated open space tax.

Open space trust funds are a potential source of funds for resiliehce planning and infrastructure.